Search, Report, Insure – Understanding Title Search, Report, Insure – Understanding Title

Search, Report, Insure – Understanding Title

Jul 17 2019

When you buy a new home, in order close on it and hold title properly, you will need three things:

  • A title search,
  • A title report, and
  • A title insurance policy.

These are all components of the closing process and, although each one is different, they work together to protect your rights to own and use the property you are buying.

Here are some answers to the most common questions our title professionals get from clients regarding these three key components of the home buying process:

What is a Title Search and Why Do I need One?

A title search is a thorough examination, usually conducted by a title company, of the public records in order to unveil key facts about the title to a property, such as:

  • Who owns the property,
  • Whether the seller has the right to transfer the property,
  • Whether there are any judgments against a previous owner, and
  • Whether there are any liens or encumbrances against the property.

The main purpose of a title search is to unveil any potential issues that could make owning the property expensive and problematic for you, force you to defend your rights to own the property, or even cause you to lose your new home.

Can I Conduct a Title Search On My Own?

Technically, yes. However, you should not. Here is why.

Conducting a title search involves searching through public records, which are accessible by anyone. This is the reason many people wonder why should they hire a title company to conduct the title search in the first place. Although technically you can perform the search yourself, without any help, this is the riskiest approach you can take, and a great way to get yourself in trouble.

Title companies conduct title searches with extreme care and thoroughness in order to make sure every important detail is taken into account and every hidden issue with the title to a property is found – and they have precise tools and strategies to do this; you do not. If you decide to perform the title search yourself by conducting, for example, an online search, and miss a lien or encumbrance, you could end up buying a property only to have it taken away from you in the near future.

Be careful. Be smart. Hire a title company.

What is a Title Report and How Can It Help Me?

A title report is a document that contains all the information gathered during the title search, which your title company will provide to you once the title examination process is complete. Although a title report is surely not the most engaging piece of writing you will ever read, it will contain critical information about the property’s title history, which will help you determine what needs to be done in order to clear the title to the property, and ultimately, whether you should buy the property at all.

Why Do I need to Obtain Title Insurance?

The answer is simple; title insurance is a strong layer of protection for the buyer of a home in case any hidden issues with the title to the property emerge after closing. If, for example, an individual or entity comes out of nowhere claiming to have rights over the property, a title insurance policy will protect you.

There are two types of title insurance policies:

  • Owner’s title insurance protects you as the new owner of the property, and
  • Lender’s title insurance protects your lender (if there is one).

When it comes to who pays for what, it depends on the location of the property, the real estate contract you sign, and what you negotiate with the seller. In some parts of Florida, it is customary for the seller to pay for title insurance. However, in some counties, the buyer typically pays for the title insurance policy at closing. Ultimately, the real estate contract governing the transaction is what determines who pays for title insurance.

Work with a Title Company – Choose Marina Title

Finding a title company you can trust is a key part of the home buying process. When looking for a title company, you should focus exclusively on companies that work closely with you throughout the entire home buying process – like Marina Title.

Our team will handle every part of the closing process and work hard to ensure the entire home buying experience is as engaging, professional, and memorable as possible.

To learn more about us, give us a call today at (305) 901-5628 or send us an email to

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